There are many treatments available for orthopedic health issues, including injections. These aren’t like the numbing shots you get at the dentist or like vaccines. Dr. Dear performs injections both in the office and in the surgery center as a viable, long-term treatment for both pain and inflammation.

What are injections used for?

There are a variety of conditions that can be treated with different types of injections. Here are some of the most common.

Arthritis: Injections in joints with degenerative arthritis usually respond to corticosteroid, hyaluronic acid, and/or PRP injections, often for months or even longer.

Nerve pain: Injections around peripheral nerves can also ease the pain with common orthopedic conditions. Carpal tunnel syndrome often responds to cortisone injections around the median nerve.

Tendon pain: Injections around tendons in the shoulder, elbow, wrist/hand, hip, knee, and ankles/feet help with common problems like tendinitis, tennis elbow, trigger finger, and plantar fasciitis.

As a diagnostic tool: Injections are often used in cases to determine the exact cause of your symptoms. Dr. Dear may offer an injection to help figure out exactly what is causing your pain. This allows Dr. Dear to properly guide your treatment plan.

What is usually injected?

Cortisone / corticosteroids: These injections inhibit inflammation in degenerative or damaged joints that would otherwise lead to pain and dysfunction.

Hyaluronic acid: Sometimes referred to as “rooster cone” injections due to the process used to develop them or “lubricating shots,” hyaluronic acid injections help to add lubrication to arthritic knees. They also attempt to recreate the natural joint fluid in normal, healthy knees. Often, patients report relief for 6 months or longer with these injections.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP): Orthopedic “biologics” injections such as PRP are becoming more commonplace, and they now have a large amount of evidence in the scientific literature supporting their use. These injections use your body’s own cells and cytokines to decrease inflammation and pain. There may also be a stimulation of your body’s ability to heal itself. This is in contrast to the other injections, which only treat your symptoms. These injections are not currently covered by insurance, so ask Dr. Dear if they may be a good option for you.